Unit 6: New Nation

Essential Questions

  • What political, economic, and social issues did the new nation confront under the Constitution?
  • How did perspectives differ on the new nation's viability under the Constitution?
  • What was Jacksonian democracy?
  • How did Jackson's policies affect the political, economic, and social life of the nation?
  • How was Jackson viewed by different groups of people?


A.Washington as President: precedents

B. Establishing stability

  1. Hamilton's economic plan
  2. The Whiskey Rebellion
  3. Preserving neutrality: the French Revolution, Citizen Genet, Jay, and Pinckney treaties
  4. Political parties
  5. Election of 1800
  6. Judicial review: Marbury v. Madison (1803)

C. Expanding the nation's boundaries

  1. Pinckney Treaty with Spain
  2. Louisiana Purchase
  3. War of 1812: guaranteeing boundaries
  4. Monroe Doctrine: sphere of influence
  5. Purchase of Florida
  6. Native American Indian concessions and treaties

D. Challenges to stability

  1. French and English trade barriers and the Embargo Act
  2. War of 1812: second war for independence

E. The Era of Good Feelings

  1. Clay's American system
  2. Internal expansion: new roads, canals, and railroads
  3. Protective tariffs
  4. National assertions: Marshall's decision, i.e., Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
  5. Extension of slavery by the Missouri Compromise
  6. Threats to Latin America: the Monroe Doctrine
  7. Disputed election of 1824

F. The age of the "common man"

  1. Expansion of suffrage
  2. Citizenship
  3. Election of 1828
  4. Jackson: man, politician, President
  5. The "spoils system"
  6. New political parties

G. Jackson's Native American policy reflected frontier attitudes

  1. Some Native Americans resisted government attempts to negotiate their removal by treaty
  2. Government policy of forced removals (1820-1840) resulted in widespread suffering and death
  3. Native American Indian territory

H. Intensifying sectional differences

  1. Protective tariff, 1828
  2. Nullification controversy, 1828, 1832
  3. Clay's compromise tariff, 1833